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SAT English Grammar Tips Sentence
A group of words that make a complete sense is known as sentence.
The Sun rises in the East.
This statement tells a complete sense that the Sun rises in the East.
There are four types of sentence: Declarative or Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamatory.
Assertive or Declarative Sentence
A sentence which makes statement or assertion is known as declarative or assertive sentence.
This is also two types, affirmative and negative.
For example: Himesh sings a song in class. (This is an example of affirmative). Jay Dev does not study in a school. (This is an example of negative.)
A sentence which asks a question is known as interrogative sentence.
For example: What is your name?
A sentence which express a command, request or entreaties is known as imperative sentence.
For example: Silence please.
A sentence which express a strong feeling is known as exclamatory sentence.
For example: How this beautiful girl is!
SAT English Grammar Tips Sentence : Transformation of Sentences
A sentence from one of the forms of affirmative, negative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory can be changed into another forms without changing its meaning.
Thus, to transform a sentence is to re-write it to change its form without any change of meaning.
Transforming Interrogative into Assertive Sentence
SAT Grammar Tips 1: To transform an interrogative sentence into assertive sentence following rules to be remembered.
In interrogative sentence, the word order is Verb + Subject.
In assertion sentence, change this word order as Subject + Verb.
In interrogative sentence, there is a question mark (?) sign at the end.
In assertion sentence, remove this question mark sign and change into full stop (.) sign at the end.
If interrogative sentence has ‘not’ word, then remove this ‘not’ word to make this as assertion sentence.
If interrogative sentence hasn’t ‘not’ word, then add ‘not’ word to make this as assertion sentence.
There are some interrogative sentences which are assertive.
To transform into assertion sentence, change according to its meaning.
|Interrogative Sentence||Assertive Sentence|
|Am I fool?||I am not fool.|
|Can a man live for ever?||A man cannot live for ever.|
|Who would not love his country?||Everyone would love his country.|
|Isn’t India a big country?||India is a big country.|
Transforming Assertive Sentence into Interrogative Sentence
SAT Grammar Rules 2: To transform a assertive sentence into an interrogative sentence following rules to be remembered.
In assertion sentence, the word order is Subject + Verb.
In interrogative sentence, change the word order as Verb + Subject.
In assertive sentence, there is a full stop (.) sign at the end.
In interrogative sentence, remove this full stop sign and put a question mark (?) sign at the end.
If assertive sentence has ‘not’ word, then don’t include ‘not’ word in interrogative sentence.
If assertive sentence hasn’t ‘not’ word, then add ‘not’ word in interrogative sentence.
|Assertive Sentence||Interrogative Sentence|
|It is very strange.||Isn’t is very strange?|
|Everyone knows you.||Who doesn’t know you?|
|Nobody else could have done it.||Who else could have done it?|
|That is not the way to do it.||Is that the way to do it?|
Transforming Exclamatory Sentence into Assertive Sentence
SAT Grammar Tips 3: To transform an exclamatory sentence into an assertive sentence, following rules to be remembered.
Write the word order as ‘Subject + Verb’ in assertive sentence.
There is a hidden word in exclamatory sentence. Write this hidden word in assertive sentence.
For example: What a lovely rose! ⇒ What a lovely rose it is!
If exclamatory sentence starts with how, what, such etc., then to make it assertive sentence, include ‘very’, ‘great + adjective’, or ‘adjective + noun’.
If, in exclamatory sentence, has ‘o that’, ‘would that’, ‘if I were’, ‘if only’, ‘alas that’, then to make it assertive sentence include ‘I wish’, ‘I earnestly desire’, I am sad’ etc.
In exclamatory sentence, there is exclamation (!) mark the the end. Remove this mark and put the full stop (.) at the end, in the assertive sentence.
|Exclamatory Sentence||Assertive Sentence|
|What a lovely rose!||It is a very lovely rose.|
|O that I were young again!||I wish I were young again.|
|What a piece of work is man!||Man is a strange piece of work.|
|If only I could win the first prize!||My greatest ambition is to win the first prize.|
Transforming Affirmative Sentence into Negative Sentence
SAT Grammar Rules 4: To transform an affirmative sentence into a negative sentence, you need to use ‘no/not’ and some negative words.
Negative of ‘Doubtful’ = Not Sure,
Negative of ‘Always’ = Never,
Negative of ‘As soon as’ = no sooner than,
Negative of ‘All’ = None,
Negative of ‘Cruel’ = Not Kind,
|Affirmative Sentence||Negative Sentence|
|Everyone will like it.||No one will dislike it.|
|Man is mortal.||No man is immortal.|
|He is sometimes wise.||He is not always foolish.|
|I always write to him.||I never forget to write to him.|
Transforming Negative Sentence into Affirmative Sentence
SAT Grammar Tips 5: To transform a negative sentence into an affirmative sentence, you need to remove ‘no/not’ and remove some negative words. And also, you need to add some affirmative words.
Affirmative of ‘Not always’ = Sometimes,
Affirmative of ‘No one’ = Everyone,
Affirmative of ‘Not good’ = bad,
Affirmative of ‘Not kind’ = cruel,
Affirmative of ‘Not getting help’ = helpless,
Affirmative of ‘No sooner than’ = As soon as,
|Negative Sentence||Affirmative Sentence|
|Never tell a lie||Always speak the truth.|
|He is no mean man.||He is a good man.|
|There is no smoke without fire.||Fire always causes smoke.|
|I am not a little tired.||I am very tired.|