Kaplan Online SAT Prep Course Book Review | Practice Test 13 AMBiPi

SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) is a standard test, used for taking admission to undergraduate programs of universities or colleges of the United States. SAT is developed and published by the College Board, an organization in the United States, administered by the Educational Testing Service. In this article of AKVTutorials, you will get Kaplan Online SAT Prep Course Book Review | Practice Test 13 AMBiPi.

SAT Reading Practice Passage

This passage is adapted from Thor Hanson, Feathers. ©2011 by Thor Hanson. Scientists have long debated how the ancestors of birds evolved the ability to fly. The ground-up theory assumes they were fleet-footed ground dwellers that captured prey by leaping and flapping their upper limbs. The tree-down theory assumes they were tree climbers that leaped and glided among branches.

SAT Reading Comprehension Practice Test Questions

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 1

Which choice best reflects the overall sequence of events in the passage?

Option A: An experiment is proposed but proves unworkable; a less ambitious experiment is attempted, and it yields data that give rise to a new set of questions.

Option B: A discovery leads to a reconsideration of a theory; a classic study is adapted, and the results are summarized.

Option C: An anomaly is observed and simulated experimentally; the results are compared with previous findings and a novel hypothesis is proposed.

Option D: An unexpected finding arises during the early phase of a study; the study is modified in response to this finding, and the results are interpreted and evaluated.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 1

Show/Hide Answer

Option D : 

The author explains that Ken Dial created an experiment to study the evolution of flight by observing how baby Chukars learn to fly. During the experiment, Dial noticed the unusual way Chukars use their “‘wings and legs cooperatively’” to scale hay bales (lines 38-43), and he created “a series of ingenious experiments” (line 46) to study this observation. After his additional experiments, Dial determined that these baby birds angle “their wings differently from birds in flight” (lines 49-50).

Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because they do not accurately reflect the sequence of events in the passage.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 2

As used in line 7, “challenged” most nearly means

Option A: dared.

Option B: required.

Option C: disputed with.

Option D: competed with.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 2

Show/Hide Answer

Option A : 

In lines 6-9, the author explains that Dial was “challenged,” or dared, by graduate students to develop “new data” on a long-standing scientific debate (the “ground-up-tree-down” theory).

Choices B, C, and D are incorrect because in this context “challenged” does not mean required, disputed with, or competed with.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 3

Which statement best captures Ken Dial’s central assumption in setting up his research?

Option A: The acquisition of flight in young birds sheds light on the acquisition of flight in their evolutionary ancestors.

Option B: The tendency of certain young birds to jump erratically is a somewhat recent evolved behavior.

Option C: Young birds in a controlled research setting are less likely than birds in the wild to require perches when at rest.

Option D: Ground-dwelling and tree-climbing predecessors to birds evolved in parallel.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 3

Show/Hide Answer

Option A : 

The author explains that Dial created his initial experiment to try and create “new data on the age-old ground-up-tree-down debate,” and that he looked for “clues” in “how baby game birds learned to fly” (lines 8-11). The note at the beginning of the passage explains the “age-old ground-up-tree down debate” and offers two different theories on how birds evolved to fly. Finally, the last paragraph of the passage discusses WAIR in an evolutionary context.

Choices B, C, and D are incorrect because they do not identify Dial’s central assumption in setting up his research.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 4

Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

Option A: Lines 1-4 (“At field… parents”)

Option B: Lines 6-11 (“So when… fly”)

Option C: Lines 16-19 (“When… measured”)

Option D: Lines 23-24 (“At first…the ground”)

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 4

Show/Hide Answer

Option B : 

In lines 6-11, the author provides evidence that Dial’s central assumption in setting up his research is that the acquisition of flight in young birds is linked to the acquisition of flight in their ancestors. The author notes that Dial created a project to “come up with new data on the age-old ground-up-tree-down debate.”

Choices A, C, and D do not provide the best evidence that Dial’s central assumption in setting up his research is that the acquisition of flight in young birds is linked to the acquisition of flight in their ancestors. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because they focus on Dial’s experiment and his observations on ground birds.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 5

In the second paragraph (lines 12-32), the incident involving the local rancher mainly serves to

Option A: reveal Ken Dial’s motivation for undertaking his project.

Option B: underscore certain differences between laboratory and field research.

Option C: show how an unanticipated piece of information influenced Ken Dial’s research.

Option D: introduce a key contributor to the tree-down theory.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 5

Show/Hide Answer

Option C : 

When a rancher observed Dial’s laboratory setup, he was “incredulous” that the Chukars were living on the ground, and he advised Dial to give the birds “something to climb on” (lines 16-23). This “key piece of advice” (line 14) led Dial to add hay bales to his laboratory. Dial later noticed that the Chukars were using their legs and wings to scale the hay bales, and this observation became the focal point of his research.

Choices A, B, and D are incorrect because the incident with the local rancher did not serve to reveal Dial’s motivation for creating the project, emphasize differences in laboratory and field research, or introduce a contributor to a scientific theory.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 6

After Ken Dial had his “‘aha’ moment” (line 41), he

Option A: tried to train the birds to fly to their perches.

Option B: studied videos to determine why the birds no longer hopped.

Option C: observed how the birds dealt with gradually steeper inclines.

Option D: consulted with other researchers who had studied Chukar Partridges.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 6

Show/Hide Answer

Option C : 

The author explains that Dial’s “aha moment” came when he determined the Chukars used “their legs and wings cooperatively” to scale the hay bales (lines 40-42). Dial then created additional experiments to study how the birds dealt with gradually steeper inclines: “[he filmed] the birds as they raced up textured ramps tilted at increasing angles” (lines 46-48).

Choices A, B, and D are incorrect because Dial’s “aha moment” was not followed by Dial teaching the birds to fly, studying videos to find out why the birds no longer hopped or consulting with other researchers.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 7

The passage identifies which of the following as a factor that facilitated the baby Chukars’ traction on steep ramps?

Option A: The speed with which they climbed

Option B: The position of their flapping wings

Option C: The alternation of wing and foot movement

Option D: Their continual hopping motions

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 7

Show/Hide Answer

Option B : 

Dial observed that as the Chukars raced up steep ramps, they “began to flap” and “aimed their flapping down and backward, using the force . . . to keep their feet firmly pressed against the ramp” (lines 49-53). Dial determined that the position of their flapping wings facilitated the baby Chukars’ traction on the steep ramps.

Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because the passage does not indicate that the Chukars’ speed, alternation of wing and foot movement, or continual hopping motions facilitated their traction on steep ramps.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 8

As used in line 61, “document” most nearly means

Option A: portray.

Option B: record.

Option C: publish.

Option D: process.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 8

Show/Hide Answer

Option B : 

In lines 61-63, the author explains that Dial named his scientific finding “WAIR, for wing-assisted incline running, and went on to document it in a wide range of species.” In this context, Dial “documented,” or recorded, the existence of WAIR in numerous bird species.

Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because in this context, “document” does not mean to portray, publish, or process.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 9

What can reasonably be inferred about gliding animals from the passage?

Option A: Their young tend to hop along beside their parents instead of flying beside them.

Option B: Their method of locomotion is similar to that of ground birds.

Option C: They use the ground for feeding more often than for perching.

Option D: They do not use a flapping stroke to aid in climbing slopes.

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 9

Show/Hide Answer

Option D : 

In lines 70-74, the author explains that gliding animals do not use a “flapping flight stroke,” or WAIR, wing-assisted incline running. Since Chukars, a ground bird, use WAIR to help scale steep inclines, it can be reasonably inferred that gliding animals do not use WAIR to aid in climbing slopes.

Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because the passage does not include information on gliding animals’ offspring, their method of locomotion, or their feeding habits.

SAT Practice Test 13 Question No 10

Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

Option A: Lines 4-6 (“They jumped… air”)

Option B: Lines 28-29 (“They really… traveling”)

Option C: Lines 57-59 (“The birds… slopes”)

Option D: Lines 72-74 (“something… theory”)

SAT Practice Test 13 Answer No 10

Show/Hide Answer

Option D : 

In lines 73-75, the author provides evidence that “the flapping flight stroke” is “something gliding animals don’t do.

Choices A, B, and C do not provide the best evidence that gliding animals do not use a flapping stroke to aid in climbing slopes. These choices do not contain information about gliding animals.

SAT Reading Practice Tests List

Complete Guide to SAT Reading Tests
Test 1Test 2Test 3Test 4Test 5
Test 6Test 7Test 8Test 9Test 10
Test 11Test 12Test 13Test 14Test 15
Test 16Test 17Test 18Test 19Test 20
Test 21Test 22Test 23Test 24Test 25
Test 26Test 27Test 28Test 29Test 30
Test 31Test 32Test 33Test 34Test 35
Test 36Test 37Test 38Test 39Test 40
Test 41Test 42Test 43Test 44Test 45
Test 46Test 47Test 48Test 49Test 50
Test 51Test 52Test 53Test 54Test 55

Leave a Reply