# All PMP CAPM Exam EVM EAC Cost Math Formulas Cheat Sheet Study Guide PDF

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## PMP Exam Formulas Cheat Sheet

### PMP Formulas Cheat Sheet: Integration Management

Present Value (PV) Formula:

PV (Present Value) = FV / (1 + R)n

where FV = Future Value, R = Rate of Interest Per year, n = Number of Years

Payback Period (PP) Formula:

PP (Payback Period) = Net Investment / Average Annual Cash Flow

where the length of time it takes the company to get back the initial cost of producing a product / services. Shorter the Payback Period is better the project.

Net Present Value (NPV) Formula:

NPV (Net Present Value) = Initial Investment LESS Cumulative PV

where higher NPV is better.

Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Formula:

IRR (Internal Rate of Return) = Rate at which NPV is ZERO

where IRR is bigger the better.

Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) Formula:

BCR (Benefit Cost Ratio) = Revenue / Cost

where BCR is the cost benefit analysis. BCR is bigger the better. If BCR < 1, then project is rejected. and if BCR > 1, then project is accepted.

Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) Formula:

ROIC (Return on Invested Capital)
= Net Income (After Tax) from Project / Total Capital Invested in Project

where ROIC is bigger the better.

Economic Value Add Benefit (EVA) Formula:

EVA (Economic Value Add Benefit)
= Net Operating Profit After Tax – Cost of Capital – (Invest Capital X % Cost of Capital)

where Cost of Capital = Revenue – Op Exp – Taxes. EVA is bigger the better.

Opportunity Cost (OC) Formula:

OC (Opportunity Cost) = Value of Project (which is NOT selected)

where OC is smaller the better.

Working Capital (WC) Formula:

WC (Working Capital) = Current Assets – Current Liabilities

where WC is bigger the better.

Return on Sale (ROS) Formula

ROS (Return on Sales) = NIBT or NIAT / Total Sales

where ROS is bigger the better.

Return on Assets (ROA) Formula:

ROA (Return on Assets) = NIBT or NIAT / Total Assets

where ROA is bigger the better.

Return on Investment (ROI) Formula:

ROI (Return on Investment) = NIBT or NIAT / Total Investment

where ROI is bigger the better.

Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Formula:

DCF (Discounted Cash Flow) = Cash Flow ⨯ Discounted Factor

where DCF is bigger the better.

### PMP Exam Formulas Study Guide PDF: Schedule Management

Expected Activity Duration (EAD) Formula (Triangular Distribution):

EAD (Expected Activity Duration) = (P + M + O) / 3

where P = Pessimistic, M = Most Likely, O = Optimistic

Expected Activity Duration (EAD) Formula (Beta Distribution):

EAD (Expected Activity Duration) = (P + 4M + O) / 6

where P = Pessimistic, M = Most Likely, O = Optimistic

Standard Deviation (SD) Formula

SD (Standard Deviation) = (P – O) / 6

where P = Pessimistic, O = Optimistic

Variance (Var) Formula

Var (Variance) = (SD)2 = {(P – O) / 6}2

where P = Pessimistic, O = Optimistic

Total Float or Slack (TF or TS) Formula:

TF (Total Float) = (LS – ES) or (LF – EF)

where ES = Early Start, EF = Early Finish, LS = Late Start, LF = Late Finish,

Activity Duration (AD) Formula:

AD (Activity Duration) = (EF – ES) or (LF – LS)

where ES = Early Start, EF = Early Finish, LS = Late Start, LF = Late Finish,

### PMP Certification Exam Formulas: Procurement Management

Sharing Ratio (SR) Formula:

SR (Sharing Ratio) = Y% / Z%

where How cost saving or overrun will be shared, Y% = Buyer’s Share Ratio, and Z% = Seller’s Share Ratio

Targeted Price (TP) Formula:

TP (Targeted Price) = TC + TF

where TC = Targeted Cost, TF = Targeted Fee

Final Price (FP) or Actual Fee (AF) Formula:

AF (Actual Fee) = TF + Z% ⨯ (TC – AC)

where AC = Actual Cost, TF = Targeted Fee, Z% = Seller’s Share Ratio

Saving Formula:

Saving = TC – AC

where TC = Targeted Cost, AC = Actual Cost

Bonus Formula:

Bonus = Saving ⨯ Percentage (Z%)

where Z% = Seller’s Share Ratio

Contract Cost (CC) Formula:

CC (Contract Cost) = Bonus + Fee

where Z% = Seller’s Share Ratio

Total Cost (TC) Formula:

TC (Total Cost) = AC + CC

where CC = Contract Cost

### PMP Exam Formula Guide: Communication Management

Number of Communication Channels Formula:

Number of Communication Channels = N(N – 1) / 2

where N = Number of Project Members including Project Manager

### PMP Exam Prep Formulas: Risk Management

Expected Monetary Value (EVM) Formula:

EVM (Expected Monetary Value) = EV – AC

where EV = Earned Value, and AC = Actual Cost

### PMP Exam Maths Formulas: Earned Value Management (EVM)

Budget At Completion (BAC) Formula:

BAC (Budget At Completion) = Total Planned Cost

where

Planned Value (PV) Formula:

PV (Planned Value) = BAC ⨯ (% Completed Planned)

where BAC = Budget At Completion

Actual Cost (AC) Formula:

AC (Actual Cost) = Sum of  All Cost

where AC = Actual Cost

Earned Value (EV) Formula:

EV (Earned Value) = BAC ⨯ (% Completed Actual)

where BAC = Budget At Cost

Cost Variance (CV) Formula:

CV (Cost Variance) = EV – AC

where EV = Earned Value, AC = Actual Cost

Cost Variance % (CV%) Formula:

CV (Cost Variance) % = CV / EV

where CV = Cost variance, EV = Earned Value

Schedule Variance (SV) Formula:

SV (Schedule Variance) = EV – PV

where EV = Earned variance, PV = Planned Value

Schedule Variance % (SV%) Formula:

SV (Schedule Variance) % = SV / PV

where SV = Schedule variance, PV = Planned Value

Variance At Completion(VAC) Formula:

VAC (Variance At Completion) = BAC – EAC

where BAC = Budget At Completion, EAC = Estimate At Completion

Cost Performing Index (CPI) Formula:

CPI (Cost Performing Index) = EV / AC

where EV = Earned Value, AC = Actual Cost, CPI = 1 means GOOD, CPI > 1 means Typical GOOD, CPI < 1 means BAD.

Schedule Performing Index (SPI) Formula:

SPI (Schedule Performing Index) = EV / PV

where EV = Earned Value, PV = Planned Value, SPI = 1 means GOOD, SPI > 1 means Typical GOOD, SPI < 1 means BAD.

Estimate At Completion (EAC) Formula:

EAC (Estimate At Completion) = AC + ((BAC – EV) / CPI)

where AC = Actual Cost, BAC = Budget At Completion, EV = Earned Value, CPI = Cost Performing Index

Estimate To Complete (ETC) Formula:

ETC (Estimate To Complete) = EAC – AC

where EAC = Earned At Cost, AC = Actual Cost